see also google scholar
* = shared authorship


Klotzsche, F.*, Motyka, P.*, Molak, A., Sahula, V., Darmová, B., Byrnes, C., Fajnerová, I., & Gaebler, M. (2024). No cardiac phase bias for threat perception under naturalistic conditions in immersive virtual reality. bioRxiv.

Fourcade, A., Klotzsche, F., Hofmann, S. M., Mariola, A., Nikulin, V. V., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2024). Linking brain-heart interactions to emotional arousal in immersive virtual reality. bioRxiv. [bsky summary]

Peer-reviewed articles

Belger, J., Wagner, S., Gaebler, M., Karnath, H.-O., Preim, B., Saalfeld, P., Schatz, A., & Villringer, A. (2024). Application of Immersive Virtual Reality for Assessing Chronic Neglect in Individuals with Stroke: The Immersive Virtual Road-Crossing Task. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. [PDF]

Chen, Y., Stephani, T., Bagdasarian, M. T., Hilsman, A., Eisert, P., Villringer, A., Bosse, S., Gaebler, M. & Nikulin, V. V. (2024). Realness of face images can be decoded from non-linear modulation of EEG responses. Scientific Reports. [PDF] [code]

Belger, J. …, Gaebler, M. , … , & Thöne-Otto, A. (2023). The immersive virtual memory task: Assessing object-location memory in neurological patients using immersive virtual reality. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. [PDF]

Klotzsche, F., Gaebler, M., Villringer, A., Sommer, W., Nikulin, V. V., & Ohl, S. (2023). Visual short-term memory related EEG components in a virtual reality setup. Psychophysiology, e14378. [PDF] [preprint] [data] [code]

Blöchl, M., Schaare, L., Kumral, D., Gaebler, M., Nestler, S., & Villringer, A. (2023). Vascular risk factors, white matter microstructure, and depressive symptoms: A longitudinal analysis in the UK Biobank. Psychological Medicine. [preprint] [PDF]

Rodriguez, F. S., Lampe, L., Gaebler, M., Beyer, F., Baber, R., Burkhardt, R., … & Witte, A. V. (2023). Differences in white matter hyperintensities in socioeconomically deprived groups: results of the population-based LIFE Adult Study. International Psychogeriatrics. [PDF]

Uhlig, M., Reinelt, J. D., Lauckner, M., Schaare, H. L., Kumral, D., Mildner, T., Babayan, A., Möller, H. E., Engert, V., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2023). Rapid volumetric brain changes after acute psychosocial stress. Neuroimage. [PDF] [preprint] [NeuroVault] [code]

Engel, C., Wirkner, K., Zeynalova, S., Baber, R., Binder, H., Ceglarek, U., … & LIFE-Adult-Study working group. (2023). Cohort Profile: The LIFE-Adult-Study. International Journal of Epidemiology.

Grund, M., Al, E., Pabst, M., Dabbagh, A., Stephani, T., Nierhaus, T., Gaebler, M. & Villringer, A. (2022). Respiration, heartbeat, and conscious tactile perception. J Neurosci. [PDF] [preprint] [code]

Hofmann, S. M.*, Klotzsche, F.*, Mariola, A.*, Nikulin, V. V., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2021). Decoding subjective emotional arousal from EEG during an immersive Virtual Reality experience. eLife. [PDF] [preprint] [code] [summary on twitter] [press release]

Röbbig, J., Erbey, M., Babayan, A., Reiter, A. M. F., Kumral, D., Schaare, H. L., Reinelt, J. D., Gaebler, M., Kunzmann, U., & Villringer, A. (2021). Anger regulation choice—The role of age and habitual reappraisal. Emotion. [PDF]

Masurovsky, A., Chojecki, P., Runde, D., Lafci, M., Przewozny, D., & Gaebler, M. (2020). Controller-free hand tracking for grab-and-place tasks in immersive Virtual Reality: Design elements and their empirical study. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction. [PDF] [preprint] [code]

Tromp, J., Klotzsche, F., Krohn, S., Akbal, M., Pohl, L., Quinque, E., Belger, J., Villringer, A. & Gaebler, M. (2020). OpenVirtualObjects (OVO): An open set of standardized and validated 3D household objects for virtual reality-based research, assessment, and therapy. Frontiers in Virtual Reality. [PDF] [preprint] [data & code] [3D objects & task]

Erbey, M., Roebbig, J., Babayan, A., Kumral, D., Reinelt, J., Reiter, A., … Gaebler, M. & Villringer, A. (2020). Positivity in younger and in older age: associations with future time perspective and socioemotional functioning. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 3146. [PDF]

Koenig, J., Abler, B., Agartz, I., …, Gaebler, M., … & Quintana, D.S. (2020). Cortical thickness and resting state cardiac function across the lifespan: A cross-sectional pooled mega analysis. Psychophysiology. [PDF] [preprint]

Al, E., Iliopoulos, F., Forschack, N., Nierhaus, T., Grund, M., Motyka, P., Gaebler, M., Nikulin,, V. V., & Villringer, A. (2020). Heart-brain interactions shape somatosensory perception and evoked potentials. PNAS. [PDF] [preprint] [Altmetric]

Krohn, S., Tromp, J., Quinque, E., Belger, J., Klotzsche, F., Rekers, S., … Gaebler, M.*, Finke, C.*, & Thöne-Otto, A.* (2020). Multidimensional evaluation of Virtual Reality paradigms in clinical neuropsychology: the VR-Check framework. Journal of Medical Internet Research. [PDF] [preprint]

García-García, I., Kube, J., Morys, F., Schrimpf, A., Kanaan, A. S., Gaebler, M., … & Neumann, J. (2020). Liking and left amygdala activity during food versus nonfood processing are modulated by emotional context. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. [PDF] [preprint] [code & task] [results on NeuroVault]

Morys, F., Janssen, L. K., Cesnaite, E., Beyer, F., Garcia-Garcia, I., … Gaebler, M. … & Horstmann, A. (2020). Hemispheric asymmetries in resting-state EEG and fMRI are related to approach and avoidance behaviour, but not to eating behaviour or BMI. Human Brain Mapping. [PDF] [preprint].

Kumral, D., Sansal, F., Cesnaite, E., Mahjoory, K., Al, E., Gaebler, M., Nikulin, V. V., & Villringer, A. (2020). BOLD and EEG signal variability at rest differently relate to aging in the human brain. Neuroimage. [PDF] [preprint] [results on NeuroVault]

Grosse Rueschkamp, J. M., Brose, A., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2019). Neural correlates of up-regulating positive emotions in fMRI and their link to affect in daily life. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF] [results on NeuroVault]

Motyka, P., Grund, M., Forschack, N., Al, E., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2019). Interactions between cardiac activity and conscious somatosensory perception. Psychophysiology. [PDF] [preprint] [data & code]

Reinelt, J., Uhlig, M., … & Gaebler, M. (2019). Acute psychosocial stress alters thalamic network centrality. NeuroImage. [PDF]

Babayan, A., … Gaebler, M., & Villringer, A. (2019). A mind-brain-body dataset of MRI, EEG, cognition, emotion, and peripheral physiology in young and old adults. Scientific Data. [PDF] [data: GWDG fcon1000]

Mendes, N., … Gaebler, M., … & Margulies, D. (2019). A functional connectome phenotyping dataset including cognitive state and personality measures. Scientific Data. [PDF] [preprint] [data: OpenNeuro]

Schaare, H.L., … Gaebler, M., & Villringer, A. (2019). Association of peripheral blood pressure with gray matter volume in 19- to 40-year-old adults. Neurology. [PDF] [preprint] [results on NeuroVault]

Kunzendorf, S., Klotzsche, F., Akbal, M., Villringer, A., Ohl, S. & Gaebler, M. (2019). Active information sampling varies across the cardiac cycle. Psychophysiology. [PDF] [preprint] [data & code] [summary on twitter]

Bae, Y.J.*, Reinelt, J.*, Netto, J., Uhlig, M., Willenberg, A., Ceglarek, U., Villringer, A., Thiery, J., Gaebler, M.*, & Kratzsch, J.* (2019). Salivary cortisone, as a biomarker for psychosocial stress, is associated with state anxiety and heart rate. Psychoneuroendocrinology. [PDF]

Kumral, D., H.L. Schaare, F. Beyer, J. Reinelt, M. Uhlig, F. Liem, L. Lampe, A. Babayan, A. Reiter, M. Erbey, J. Roebbig, M. Loeffler, M.L. Schroeter, D. Husser, A.V. Witte, A. Villringer, & Gaebler, M. (2019). The age-dependent relationship between resting heart rate variability and functional brain connectivity. Neuroimage. [PDF] [preprint] [results on NeuroVault] [summary on twitter]

Lesur, M.R., Gaebler, M., Bertrand, P., & Lenggenhager, B. (2018). The plasticity of the bodily self: head movements in bodily illusions and their relation to Gallagher’s body image and body schema. Constructivist Foundations, 14(1). [PDF]

Schrimpf, A., McGarvey, S., Haun, D., Kube, J., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2018) Socio-cultural norms of body size in Westerners and Polynesians affect heart rate variability and emotion during social interactions. Culture & Brain. [PDF]

Sierk, A., Daniels, J.K., Manthey, A., Kok, J.G., Leemans, A., Gaebler, M., Lamke, JP., Kruschwitz, J. & H. Walter (2018) White matter network alterations in patients with depersonalization/derealization disorder. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience. [PDF]

Schrimpf, A., Kube, J., Neumann, J., Horstmann, A., Villringer, A. & Gaebler, M. (2017). Parasympathetic cardio-regulation during social interactions in individuals with obesity—The influence of negative body image. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. [PDF]

García-García, I., Kube, J., Gaebler, M., Horstmann, A., Villringer, A. & Neumann, J. (2016). Neural processing of negative emotional stimuli and the influence of age, sex and and task-related characteristics. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 68: 773-793. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.04.020 [PDF]

Pankow, A., Katthagen, T., Diner, S., Deserno, L., Boehme, R., Kathmann, N., Gleich, T., Gaebler, M., Walter, H., Heinz, A., & Schlagenhauf, F. (2016). Aberrant salience is related to dysfunctional self-referential processing in psychosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 42(1): 67-76. [PDF]

Daniels, J.K., Gaebler, M., Lamke, J.-P., & Walter, H. (2015). Grey matter alterations in patients with depersonalization disorder: a voxel-based morphometry study. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 40(1): 19-27. [PDF]

Gaebler, M.*, Biessmann, F.*, Lamke, J.-P., Müller, K.-R., Walter, H., & Hetzer, S. (2014). Stereoscopic depth increases intersubject correlations of brain networks. NeuroImage, 100: 427-34. [PDF] [coverage: Deutschlandradio Kultur (German, audio), internet platforms and newspapers (German), guardian blog (English)]

Gaebler, M.*, Daniels, J.K.*, Lamke, J.-P., Fydrich, T., & Walter, H. (2014). Behavioral and neural correlates of self-focused emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 39(4): 249-58. [PDF] [results on NeuroVault]

Lamke, J.-P.*, Daniels, J.K.*, Dörfel, D., Gaebler, M., Abdel Rahman, R., Hummel, F., Erk, S., & Walter, H. (2014). The impact of stimulus valence and emotion regulation on sustained brain activation: task-rest switching in emotion. PLoS ONE, 9(3): e93098. [PDF]

Gaebler, M.*, Daniels, J.K.*, Lamke, J.-P., Fydrich, T., & Walter, H. (2013). Heart rate variability and its neural correlates during emotional face processing in social anxiety disorder. Biological Psychology, 94: 319-330. [PDF]

Gaebler, M.*, Lamke, J.-P.*, Daniels, J.K., & Walter, H. (2013). Phenomenal depth – a common phenomenological dimension in depression and depersonalization. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 20(7-8): 269-291. [PDF]

Daniels, J.K., Lamke, J.-P., Gaebler, M., Walter, H., & Scheel, M. (2013). White matter integrity and its relationship to PTSD and childhood trauma – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Depression & Anxiety, 30(3): 207-216. [PDF]

Lazard, D., Lee, H.J., Gaebler, M., Kell, C.A., Truy, E., & Giraud, A.-L. (2010). Phonological processing in post-lingual deafness and cochlear implant outcome. NeuroImage, 49(4): 3443-51. [PDF]

Peer-reviewed conference contributions (selection)

Quintero, L., Papapetrou, P., Muñoz, J.E., de Mooi, J., & Gaebler, M. (2022). Excite-O-Meter: an open-source Unity plugin to analyze heart activity and movement trajectories in custom VR environments. 2022 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces (VR). [PDF]

Quintero, L., Muñoz, J.E., de Mooi, J., & Gaebler, M. (2021). Excite-O-Meter: software framework to integrate heart activity in virtual reality. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR). [PDF]

Tromp, J., Akbal, M., Pohl, L., Krohn, S., Quinque, E.M., Klotzsche, F., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2019). OpenVirtualObjects: An open set of standardized and validated 3D household objects for virtual reality-based research, diagnostics, and therapy. 2019 International Conference on Virtual Rehabilitation (ICVR): 1-2. [PDF]

Klotzsche, F., Mariola, A., Hofmann, S., Nikulin, V.V., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2018). Using EEG to decode subjective levels of emotional arousal during an immersive VR roller coaster ride. 2018 IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces (VR): 605-606. [PDF]

Hofmann, S.M., Klotzsche, F., Mariola, A., Nikulin, V.V., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2018) Decoding Subjective Emotional Arousal during a Naturalistic VR Experience from EEG Using LSTMs. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Virtual Reality (AIVR): 128-131. [PDF] [code]

Biessmann, F., Gaebler, M., Lamke, J.-P., Ju, U. J., Hetzer, S., Wallraven, C. & Müller, K.-R. (2014). Data-driven multisubject neuroimaging analyses for naturalistic stimuli. Proceedings for Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging. [PDF]

Book chapters

Gaebler, M. (2019). VR and the Brain: Virtual Reality in Neuroscience and Neurology/VR und das Gehirn: Virtuelle Realität in Neurowissenschaft und Neurologie. Catalogue of the Exhibition “Beautiful New Worlds. Virtual Realities in Contemporary Art“. Zeppelin Museum Friedrichshafen. [PDF]

Gaebler, M., Paschke, L.M., & Magrabi, A. (2016). Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven – Neurowissenschaft. In: Kühler, M. & Rüther, M. (Eds.) Handbuch Handlungstheorie – Grundlagen, Kontexte, Perspektiven. Metzler/Springer, Stuttgart.

Gaebler, M.*, Lamke, J.-P.*, Daniels, J.K., & Walter, H. (2014). Phenomenal Depth – a common phenomenological dimension in depression and depersonalization. In: Ratcliffe, M. & Stephan, A. (Eds.) Depression, Emotion and the Self: Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Imprint Academic, UK. [PDF]

Gaebler, M., Daniels, J.K., & Walter, H. (2012). Affektive Intentionalität und existenzielle Gefühle aus Sicht der systemischen Neurowissenschaft. In: Slaby, J., Stephan, A., Walter, H., & Walter, S. (Eds.) Affektive Intentionalität: Beiträge zur welterschließenden Funktion menschlicher Gefühle. Paderborn: mentis. [PDF]